The Diversity Immigrant Visa Program, also known as the DV-Lottery Program, came into existence after passage of the Immigration Act of 1990.
The program is rather unique in that President George H.W. Bush and congressional leaders saw the value of diversity for our nation and sought to further its development through a program randomly selecting immigrants from historically underrepresented countries.
The program is administered by the Department of State with 50,000 immigrant visas set aside for those selected through the lottery process each year. The visas are distributed by region (Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania as well as South and Central America and the Caribbean) with more visas allotted to those areas sending fewer immigrants to the United States through Family-Sponsored and Employment-Based visa processing over the preceding five years.
This year’s DV-Lottery registration period commenced on Tuesday, October 1, 2013 at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) and runs to Saturday, November 2, 2013 at 12:00 noon, Eastern Daylight time (EDT). Countries determined to be ineligible this year include: Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China (mainland-born), Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, South Korea, United Kingdom (except Northern Ireland) as well as its dependent territories, and Vietnam. (Persons born in Hong Kong SAR, Macau SAR, and Taiwan are eligible). Those individuals born in countries other than the aforementioned are eligible to register for the Diversity Lottery. Alternatively, one may claim eligibility through one’s spouse if that spouse was born in an eligible country. Or, for that matter, the country of one’s parents provided they were not born in or “resident” of the country of one’s birth deemed to be ineligible. As the Department of State has noted, people are not typically considered “residents” of a country where they were not born or legally naturalized but only visiting, studying temporarily, or stationed for business or professional reasons on behalf of a company or government different from one’s country of birth.
One is required, additionally, to hold a high school degree or its equivalent (completion of a 12 year course of elementary and secondary education) or, alternatively, two years of employment within the past five years in an occupation requiring at least two years of training or experience to perform.
An applicant will be disqualified if (s)he is unable to meet those eligibility requirements or files more than one application with the Department of State.
Very basic information is required in the application itself: the registrant’s name, date of birth, city and country of birth, gender, country of claimed eligibility for the DV-Lottery, photograph (to be scanned and submitted electronically with the application), mailing address (address for notification if one is selected), country where one presently lives, telephone number, email address, highest level of education achieved, marital status with information about spouse, if married, and listing of one’s living children (biological, legally adopted, and step-children) who are unmarried and under the age of 21 at the time of filing the application. Failure to list one’s spouse and children may cause one to lose eligibility for a diversity immigrant visa, if selected. It is very important that complete information be provided on the application form. More details about the DV-Lottery Immigrant Visa Program may be found at: http://travel.state.gov/visa/immigrants/types/types_1322.html.
The Diversity Immigrant Visa Program is both unique and significant in that it illustrates both our country’s commitment to diversity and recognition of the significant contribution made by peoples from other lands and backgrounds. Anthropologist Margaret Mead is attributed to have insightfully observed, “(i)f we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse gift will find a fitting place.”
Our nation’s founders understood and embraced this conception when they fashioned our Great Seal over 225 years ago with the words, E Pluribus Unum. Those powerful words mean, Out of Many, One, and are no less significant today.
(R. Mark Frey is a St. Paul, Minnesota attorney who has been practicing immigration law exclusively for 25 years with an emphasis on political asylum, family immigration, naturalization, removal defense, and appeals.)