The publications and collections update newsletter of the Hmong Resource Center Library – Hmong Cultural Center (Spring 2011 Volume 1, Issue 1) is now published with information, resources and events related to Hmong Studies.
View the newsletter and subscribe for notices of future newsletters online at www.hmongstudies.org/HmongStudiesNewsletterSpring2011.html. The Hmong Cultural Center is located at 995 University Avenue, Suite 214, St. Paul, MN 55104.
“I want to emphasize the great work Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center Library staff of Xai Lor and Cher Vue are doing in Saint Paul,” states Dr. Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, founding director of the HRC, who is now a Reference and Instruction Librarian at Texas A and M University, in Corpus Christi, Texas.
Pfeifer continues to work with Xai and Cher to help catalogue the newly published works related to Hmong Studies. He also writes the Hmong Studies newsletter to update subscribers on the published works and the additions to the physical collections at the Hmong Cultural Center.
He said a recent fundraiser through GiveMN raised more than $1,000 to pay for a part-time HCC librarian for the remainder of the year. The link from the library website to the fundraiser site is at http://www.hmonglibrary.org/
“This special library remains a one of kind resource for Hmong Studies scholarly research,” he added.
The newsletter highlights include the recent library acquisition of collections from Dr. Nicholas Tapp and Dr. Gary Yia Lee’s Human Rights Collection.
New Theses and Dissertations mentioned in the newsletter include:
• Perceived Hmong Cultural Barriers in School Counseling. Shoua Chang (2010) M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
This thesis consists of a literature review to identify perceptions that Hmong students may encounter in a school counseling setting. The author summarizes her findings to provide suggestions for school counselors who work with Hmong students.
• American Hmong Youth and College Readiness: Integrating Culture and Educational Success. Mary Huffcutt (2010) M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
This thesis consists of a literature review pertaining to college readiness and Hmong American education.
• Hmong Traditional Roles and the Pursuit of Higher Education for Married Hmong American Women. Mai Shoua Khang (2010) M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
This thesis is a review of literature related to Hmong women’s traditional gender roles and their abilities to obtain higher education. The researcher interviewed nine Hmong women who were pursuing an education. The author compares the themes expressed by her interview subjects to those emphasized in the literature.
Academic Journal Articles listed in the newsletter include:
• “Nativity, Ethnicity, and Residential Relocation: The Experience of Hmong Refugees and African Americans Displaced from Public Housing.” Ryan Allen and Edward G. Goetz (2010) – Journal of Urban Affairs 32(3): 321-344.
This study analyzes the spatial resettlement patterns and survey responses of Hmong and African-American public housing residents who were involuntarily relocated from public housing in Minneapolis. The authors’ research results indicated that Hmong did not settle in ethnically concentrated neighborhoods to the same extent as African Americans following relocation and also experienced lower levels of satisfaction in their new housing and residential neighborhoods.
• “Strategies for Providing Cultural Competent Health Care for Hmong Americans.” Torry Grantham Cobb (2010) – Journal of Cultural Diversity 17(3): 79-83.
This paper discusses continuing barriers to providing health care to Hmong Americans and shares strategies of how to respect Hmong culture while providing quality health care.
• “Factors Associated with Pap Testing among Hmong Women.” Dao Moua Fang, Serge Lee, Susan Stewart, May Ying Ly and Moon S. Chen (2010) – Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.” 21: 839-850.
This paper reports baseline data on the percentage of Hmong women aged 18-65 in Sacramento, California who reported that they had a Pap test for the early detection of cervical cancer. Hmong women were found to have been less likely to have ever had a pap test than California women overall.
• “The Usefulness of Health Care Databases in Wisconsin for Identifying Hmong Patients with Cancer.” Mary Foote and Jacqueline Matloub (2010) – Wisconsin Medical Journal 109(4): 214-218.
The researchers of this study investigated the reporting of cancer cases in the Hmong population by medical facilities in Wisconsin. A survey found less than 30 percent of facilities collected Hmong as a demographic category or identified cancer patients as Hmong.
Most facilities identified Hmong patients only as Asian. The authors used their findings to develop resources to try to improve data collection for Hmong cancer patients in Wisconsin.
• “Growing up Hmong in Laos and America: Two Generations of Women through My Eyes.” Pa Xiong Gonzalo (2010) – Amerasia Journal 36(1): 56-104.
This article consists of a first-person narrative provided by the author of her own experiences and those of her family members in both Laos and the United States over 30 years with a particular emphasis on ethnic identity and gender roles.
Recent Additions to the Hmong Resource Center Library
Academic Journal Articles:
• “Divergent Perspectives on Food, Culture, and Health among Hmong Mothers with Middle School Children.” Keiko Goto, Wa Mee Vue, Tong Xiong and Cindy Wolff (2010) – Food, Culture, and Society 13(2): 181-200.
This study examines perspectives on food, culture and health and nutrition education among Hmong mothers with middle school children. The study participants expressed similar views regarding food and health issues, including the importance of rice in their lives, they also shared differing perspectives on how acculturation, generational differences and income status contributes to obesity among Hmong.
• “Barriers to Cancer Screening in Hmong Americans: The Influence of Health Care Accessibility, Culture and Cancer Literacy.” Hee Yun Lee and Suzanne Vang (2010) – Journal of Community Health 35: 302-314.
The authors of this article conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine the existing scholarly knowledge regarding the barriers to cancer screening for Hmong Americans. Based on their review, the authors discuss potential cultural and ethnic group-specific prevention strategies and cancer health policies to address barriers.
• “Through Hmong America: A Bibliographic Journey.” Marjorie Lee (2010) – Amerasia Journal 36(1): 105-114. This article provides a bibliography of selected books, articles and websites pertaining to Hmong Americans.
• “Hmong Teachers: Life Experiences and Teaching Perspectives.” Pao Lor (2010) – Multicultural Education 17(3): 36-40. This exploratory study looks at the life experiences and teaching practices of five Hmong teachers working in Wisconsin.
• “Understanding Generational Differences in Financial Literacy in Hmong Immigrant Families.” Catherine A. Solheim and Pa Nhia D. Yang. (2010) – Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal 38(4): 435-454.
This study describes financial literacy in two-generation Hmong families. Interviews were conducted with 7 pairs of parents and their young adult children. The authors findings suggest that Hmong families are adapting to the U.S. economic system while also maintaining important cultural values and practices.
• “Gender, Generations, and Nations: An Experiment in Hmong American Discourse and Sociophonetics.” James N. Stanford (2010) – Language and Communication 30: 285-296.
This study involved an experiment testing how 33 Hmong people in Saint Paul, Minnesota would respond to the same young female Hmong interviewer. The researcher’s recordings showed that unlike women and younger men, older men often shifted into an acoustically distinctive, authoritative vocal style.
The author argues that his findings show that for Hmong Americans, “doing gender” also involves “doing generations” and that older men use an authoritative voice to construct social hierarchy and traditions, admonish youth and practice additional aspects of Hmong American nationhood.
• “Gout in the Hmong in the United States.” Salman Waheedduddin, Jasvinder A. Singh, Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera and Elie Gertner (2010) – JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 16(6): 262-266.
This article compares characteristics of gout in Hmong patients to whites and assesses if Hmong ethnicity is associated with risk of tophaceous gout. The researchers observed that Hmong patients had an earlier onset of gout symptoms. Hmong ethnicity was an independent risk factor for tophaceous gout.
• “State Mandated Language Classification: A Study of Hmong American Students’ Access to College-Preparatory Curricula.” Yang Sao Xiong (2010) – AAPI Nexus 8(1): 17-42.
Using data collected from interviews, this article assesses Hmong American high school and college students’ experiences in English language development and mainstream academic tracks along with their perceptions of access to college preparatory classes. Based on his findings, the author argues that students tracked in English Language Development curricula have limited accessibility to key resources including college preparatory courses and also lower aspirations about college in comparison to those in college preparatory tracks.
• “Patterns of Mortality in California Hmong, 1988-2002.” Richard C. Yang, Paul K. Mills and Kiumarss Nasseri (2010) – Journal of Immigrant Minority Health 12: 754-760.
This study examines causes of death and compares age-adjusted mortality rates among the Hmong with those of the non-Hispanic white population in California. The authors observed that Hmong experienced 1.3-1.9 times higher mortality rates for certain causes of death compared to non-Hispanic whites congenital anomalies.