HONOLULU (Jan. 22, 2014) — State Sen. Malama Solomon on Wednesday issued a public “Mahalo” on behalf of all Hawai’i Island residents to both the U.S. Supreme Court and the legal team working “to protect Hawaiʻi Island’s right to equal representation as guaranteed by both the U.S. and State of Hawaiʻi Constitutions.”
Solomon’s message comes as more than two years of intense litigation concluded Tuesday, when the Supreme Court formally resolved a case she and several Hawai’i Island residents had initiated by challenging the 2011 State Reapportionment Commission’s initial plan based on the 2010 Census to count out-of-state military members and their families stationed in the islands and out-of-state students when re-drawing legislative districts.
Solomon and her legal team worked with the State Attorney General to challenge the plan on the basis that it denied Hawai’i Island residents equitable representation, which they believed required adding a 4th State Senate seat for Hawaiʻi Island because of the nearly 25 percent increase in resident population on the island between 2000 and 2010. During this same period of time, the island of Oahu had experienced only an 8 percent growth.
The addition of a 4th Senate seat to Hawaiʻi Island meant Oahu would lose a Senator.
It became a very complicated case but the heart of the issue was inequitable representation for Hawaiʻi Island residents in the first reapportionment plan. The State Supreme Court agreed with Sen. Solomonʻs challenge and the plan was revised, adding a 4th Senate seat for Hawaiʻi Island in the 2012 elections.
In the meantime, however, opponents to the decision filed a judicial challenge to the U.S. Federal District Court (Kostick v. Nago). A three-judge U.S. Federal Court upheld the Hawaii Supreme Court decision. An automatic right to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court followed.
“The battle is over; let us move forward working together for all the people of Hawaiʻi,” said Solomon.
The legal team that served to protect the rights of Hawaiʻi Island residents included Stan Roehrig of Hilo, Robert Kim of Kona and Peter Esser of Honolulu, State Attorney General David M. Louie and Deputy Attorney General Charleen M. Aina.
Solomon also thanked Public Utilities Commission Chair Hermina M. Morita, a former State Representative, for providing testimony for the Supreme Court docket related to her experience representing a “canoe district” – a now illegal practice of combining residents from more than one island into a representative districts of approximately the same population size.
Such districts were banned in recent years by the State legislature because they “seriously undermine equitable representation for all residents of the district,” said Sen. Solomon. Both Hermina Morita and Sen. Solomon represented “canoe districts” before the Legislature banned this practice.