WASHINGTON, D.C. (Nov. 10, 2014) — The United States’ changing demographics will have enormous ramifications for both the country’s education system and economy in the decades to come.
A new report from the Center for American Progress quantifies the multitude of economic benefits that would result from closing the educational achievement gap that exists between black and Hispanic children and white non-Hispanic children, finding that the U.S. gross domestic product, or GDP, would be 5.8 percent—or nearly $2.3 trillion—larger in 2050 if educational achievement gaps were closed. Federal, state, and local revenues would grow by billions of dollars annually, while Social Security tax contributions would grow by $877 billion by 2050.
“Black and Hispanic children make up an ever-larger share of our population and our workforce, and one of the greatest problems they face is lagging achievement gaps,” said Robert G. Lynch, CAP Senior Fellow and co-author of the report. “Even using a conservative analysis, it’s clear that major public investments toward closing education gaps would more than pay for themselves in the form of increased GDP and tax revenues.”
“Ensuring educational equity is not just an investment in students and in schools—it’s an investment in our economy,” said Patrick Oakford, CAP Policy Analyst and report co-author. “But more importantly, the United States risks wasting its greatest asset—human capital—if it does not act to significantly lift the educational outcomes of all of our children.”
CAP’s analysis projects how much greater U.S. GDP would be from 2014 to 2050 if the educational achievements of black and Hispanic children were raised to match those of white, non-Hispanic children, finding that the cumulative increase from 2014 to 2050 would amount to $20.4 trillion. Federal tax revenues alone would skyrocket by $4.1 trillion between 2014 and 2050, or approximately $110 billion per year, and state local revenues would rise by another $88 billion annually.
CAP’s analysis and the resulting data show that even very large public investments that close achievement gaps would pay for themselves in the form of significant economic growth by 2050. CAP’s report notes that government investments in closing educational achievement gaps that cost less than an average of $198 billion annually over the next 37 years would pay for themselves, even in strictly budgetary terms. To get a sense of the magnitude of such investments, consider that the annual cost to implement the Obama administration’s high-quality, universal pre-K program averages just $7.5 billion per year over the first 10 years.
The report also notes that the benefits of closing educational achievement gaps mean more than just increased GDP and tax revenues: It would also mean higher earnings, higher material standards of living, and an enhanced quality of life for these children when they grow to be adults.
Click here to read “The Economic Benefits of Closing Educational Achievement Gaps: Promoting Growth and Strengthening the Nation by Improving the Educational Outcomes of Children of Color” by Robert G. Lynch and Patrick Oakford.
For more information or to speak with an expert, please contact Tanya S. Arditi at [email protected] or202.741.6258.
The Center for American Progress is a nonpartisan research and educational institute dedicated to promoting a strong, just and free America that ensures opportunity for all. We believe that Americans are bound together by a common commitment to these values and we aspire to ensure that our national policies reflect these values. We work to find progressive and pragmatic solutions to significant domestic and international problems and develop policy proposals that foster a government that is “of the people, by the people, and for the people.”