By CARLOS GALLEGO
AAP staff writer
MINNEAPOLIS (June 12, 2013) — The Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research of the American Cancer Society is currently recruiting for their third CPS study. By the end of the second day of enrollment alone more than 225 individuals have enrolled, according to organizers.
The two previous studies provided incredibly rich and valuable information which continue to impact the health behaviors as well as influencing federal, state and local governments in development of programs and policies. They seek to recruit about 300,000 adults between ages of 30 – 65 from across the United States, their diversity will represent the fabric of America.
The study findings hope to significantly reduce cancer as a major health concern. It is important that Asian community members participate in this study so Asian communities can benefit from the study findings.
Several opportunities to sign-up for this important study include Saturday, June 22 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at Midtown YMCA , 2121 East Lake Street in Minneapolis; and on June 25 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. at Whittier Clinic, 2810 Nicollet Avenue in Minneapolis.
“It is critical to involve different racial/ethnic communities in the Cancer Prevention Study-3 (CPS3) in order to determine how certain risk factors effect cancer incidence and mortality across these different groups. When we have good representation from different racial/ethnic groups, the health data collected will be more relevant to our minority populations, said Dai Vu, MPH, Director of Community Partnerships, Midwest Division, American Cancer Society.
Roshan Paudel, Director, Health Equity for the Midwest Division of the American Cancer Society agreed to be interviewed to provide a greater understanding of the study and why it is crucial that members from the Asian community participate.
Who should participate in the study?
Individuals between the ages of 30 and 65 who have never been diagnosed with cancer except for some types of skin cancer are eligible to participate in this study. Individuals who participate are also making a long-term commitment to the study by periodically completing surveys mailed to their home. This commitment could be up to 20 years or more.
Why should they participate? Is there a benefit to themselves or to their families?
It is important that people from diverse communities participate. Researchers cannot study a group that is not in their study. Without participation from diverse populations, researchers will not be able to examine factors related to cancer prevention in those populations. Currently, there are no other studies of this size in this country that allows researchers to look at various racial and ethnic groups.
Who benefits from their participation in the study?
Everybody benefits from their participation in the study. Most people who participate in research studies hope they will contribute to a better understanding of how to prevent disease. For CPS-3, this knowledge will help reduce the burden of cancer for this and future generations.
What type of commitment is necessary for those agreeing to be part of the study?
Individuals who participate are also making a long-term commitment to the study by periodically completing surveys mailed to their home. This commitment could be up to 20 years or more. Individuals will be asked to read and sign a consent form, complete a survey, provide physical measurement such as waist size and give a small blood sample similar to a doctor’s visit. At home, study participants will receive periodic follow-up surveys and research updates through annual newsletters.
I understand ACS conducted a couple of similar studies years ago. Please tell me some of the most important findings from these previous studies?
ACS has conducted similar studies in the past. The Hammond Horn study that began in 1954 showed the first link between smoking and lung cancer. CPS-1 showed smoking responsible for early death and CPS 11 showed:
Second-hand smoke increases mortality. Previous Cancer Prevention Studies have provided unique contributions to science. Some key findings from these studies include:
• Cigarettes with reduced yield of tar and nicotine do not reduce the risk of lung cancer.
• Obesity is associated with increased death rates from at least ten cancer sites, including colon and post-menopausal breast cancer.
• Discovery of the link between aspirin use and lower risk of colon cancer opened the door to research on chronic inflammation and cancer.
• Relationships of other potentially modifiable factors such as physical inactivity, prolonged hormone use and certain dietary factors with cancer risk.
• Air pollution, especially small particulates and ozone, increase death rates from heart and lung conditions. CPS-II findings helped to motivate the Environmental Protection Agency to propose more stringent limits on air pollution.
Is there anything in particular these studies are hoping to find?
The CPS-3 intends to better understand the factors (lifestyle, environmental, genetic) that cause or prevent cancer.
Are any materials available in other languages? If not are interpreters available?
Materials in Spanish language are available. Interested individuals are encouraged to bring a friend or family member to the enrollment site to help with any translation needs. We could also accommodate requests if we given advance information about interpretation needs.
To enroll in the study or for more information visit cancer.org/cps3 or cps3twincities.org or call 1-888-604-5888 for more information.